Standardization vs. normalization

In the overall knowledge discovery process, before data mining itself, data preprocessing plays a crucial role. One of the first steps concerns the normalization of the data. This step is very important when dealing with parameters of different units and scales. For example, some data mining techniques use the Euclidean distance. Therefore, all parameters should have the same scale for a fair comparison between them.

Two methods are usually well known for rescaling data. Normalization, which scales all numeric variables in the range [0,1]. One possible formula is given below:

On the other hand, you can use standardization on your data set. It will then transform it to have zero mean and unit variance, for example using the equation below:

Both of these techniques have their drawbacks. If you have outliers in your data set, normalizing your data will certainly scale the “normal” data to a very small interval. And generally, most of data sets have outliers. When using standardization, your new data aren’t bounded (unlike normalization).

So my question is what do you usually use when mining your data and why?

Note: Thanks to Benny Raphael for fruitful discussions on this topic. Thanks to Jim for a correction on May 26th 2014.

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735 Comments on Standardization vs. normalization

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    Below are the types of business loans I provide : Commercial, Real Estate, Mortgage financing, Raw land development financing, Factoring of accounts receivables, Asset based financing, Inventory loans, Personal financing, Business financing , Equipment Financing, Start-Up Financing, Medical Practice Financing, Transport Equipment Financing, Lines of Credit, Merchant Financing, Lease Purchase Financing, Crowd Funding Venture capital and many more. The loans can be attained regardless of personal credit, lack of collateral or short term in business at an interest rate of 3% per annually. I analyze your needs to come up with a solution.

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    Awaits your swift responded via e-mail at ( tyrone.singh23@yahoo.com) Phone Number +1 205_409_0926

    Best regards,

    tyrone.

  55. Vansaders on Mon, 2nd Jan 2017 10:48 pm
  56. am so very excited to post this here, i was sacked from work and i have been very poor and frustrated until i meant Mr Navarro Gabriel a good ATM hacker who gave me a Blank ATM with which i have used to withdraw up to about 40000$ till now without any fault or blockage, if you need a real blank ATM contact him now paulatmoffice@gmail.com

  57. premi wealth on Tue, 3rd Jan 2017 11:49 am
  58. Good day! Are you looking for loans and mortgages, and you
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  59. Henry Goh on Tue, 3rd Jan 2017 6:22 pm
  60. Fidelity Loan Finance is a government approved credit firm, we give out loans to individuals and organizations with an interest rate of 2% world wide. Get back to me if you are interested fore further details through this mail box: fidlfin@live.com

  61. Anderson wind on Wed, 4th Jan 2017 8:11 am
  62. I’m Anderson wind a resident 2270 Paul Wayne Haggerty Road, New Orleans, LA 70114.I want to share this great testimony on how I got my loan from TYLER J0NNES LOAN AND INVESTMENT COMPANY INT…my family were driven out of our home because I couldn’t pay my bills anymore. After been scammed by various companies online and denied a loan by my bank as well as credit unions I visited. My kids were taken by the foster care; I was all alone in the street. Until a day I shamefully walked into an old school mate who introduced me to this God fearing loan company (TYLER JONNES LOAN COMPANY). At first I told him that I am not ready to take any risk of requesting a loan online anymore, but he assured me that I will receive my loan from them. On a second thought, due to my homelessness I took a trial and applied for the loan, I’d filled the loan application form and proceeded with all that was requested of me, luckily as God would have it, I was granted a loan of $175,000.00 which I applied from this company and I’m glad I took the risk and applied for the loan. My kids have been given back to me and now I own a home and a business of my own. All gratitude goes to TYLER JONNES a God sent Loan Lender for giving a meaning to my life when I had lost all hope, so I made a vow to myself that I will keep testifying on the internet on how I got my fortunate life changing loan. Therefore without reservation, I strongly recommend TYLER JONNES LOAN COMPANY for anyone who needs a loan. You can get in contact with this great company via email at tylerjonnesloancompany@yahoo.com

  63. Dr. Powell Garcia on Wed, 4th Jan 2017 5:17 pm
  64. Do you need Financial Assistance?
    Do you seek funds to pay off credits and debts?
    We give out loan with an Interest rate of 2.00%
    Please, contact us for more information: (dr.powellgarcialoans@gmail.com) or (dr.powellgarcialoans1@solution4u.com)
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    Our commitment is to make business ownership a viable career for individuals who struggle to raise finance.
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    We offer a wide range of financial services which includes: Business Planning, Commercial and Development Finance, Properties and Mortgages, Debt Consolidation Loans, Business Loans, Private loans, Home Refinancing, Hotel Loans student loans with low interest rate at 2.00%
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  65. Charles on Thu, 5th Jan 2017 8:27 pm
  66. Charles Dear Sir/Ma

    I am direct to a project Funder who is also known as private lender they specialized in bank instrument lease and sales their funds is purely earned from private and corporate investment portfolios without criminal origin.With the group capital fund which are specifically for lease/sale in form of bank instrument. The Financial institution can finance your signatory projects such as Real Estate Development, Aviation Service, Agriculture Finance, Petroleum Importation, Telecommunication, construction of Dams or Bridges and all kind of projects.

    The bank instrument can be use for purchase of goods from any manufacturer irrespective of their location. It can also serve as collateral with any bank in the world to secure loan for your project or to establish line of credit with your bank. We offer Bank Guarantee , all are issue from AAA Rated bank such as Deutsche Bank, HSBC Bank, UBS Zurich, Barclay’s Bank , Standard Chartered Bank E.T.C. For more information, Endeavour to contact me as your convenient time.

    Regards

    Charles Martial Lender
    Contact: lendmart.advisory@gmail.com
    Skype : lendmart.advisory

  67. WE OFFER ALL KIND OF LOANS – APPLY FOR AFFORDABLE LOANS. on Fri, 6th Jan 2017 8:49 pm
  68. Are you a business man or woman? Are you in any financial mess or do you need funds to start up your own business? Do you need a loan to start a nice Small Scale and medium business? Do you have a low credit score and you are finding it hard to obtain capital loan from local banks and other financial institutes?
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    We offer a wide range of financial services which includes: Business Planning, Commercial and Development Finance, Properties and Mortgages, Debt Consolidation Loans, Business Loans, Private loans,car loans, hotel loans, student loans, personal loans Home Refinancing Loans with low interest rate 1.00% per annul for individuals, companies and corporate bodies. Get the best for your family and own your dream home as well with our General Loan scheme.
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    WE OFFER ALL KIND OF LOANS – APPLY FOR AFFORDABLE LOANS.

    Are you a business man or woman? Are you in a financial mess or do You need funds to start your own business? Do you have a low credit score and you will find it hard to get Capital loan from local banks / other financial institutions? Interested applicants should Contact us via email: PergoCF@gmail.com , PergoCF@qualityservice.com , PergoCF@aol.com

  69. richrad on Sun, 21st May 2017 11:48 pm
  70. I’m mr richard , I contracted HIV in 2009, I was told by my doctor that
    there’s no possible cure for HIV. I started taking my ARV’s, My CD4 was 77
    and viral load was 112,450. I saw a website of Dr. ude, also I saw a lot
    of testimonials about him on how he uses herbal medicine to cure HIV. I
    contacted him and told him my problems, He sent me the herbal medicine and
    I took it for 7 days after then I went for check-up and I was cured. The
    medicine has NO SIDE EFFECT, there’s no special diet when taking the
    medicine. He also cure DIABETES, EX BACK, ALS, HEPATITIS B, CANCER, HERPES and alots more,,,
    1) If you want your ex back.
    (2) If you always have bad dreams
    office..
    (3) You want to be promoted in you
    (4) You want women/men to run after
    you.
    (5) If you want your own children
    (6) You want to be rich.
    (7) You want to tie your husband/wife to
    be
    yours forever.
    (8) If you need financial assistance.
    (9) How you been scammed and you
    (10) and if you ant your herpes cure back
    want to recover you lost money
    (11) CANCER,
    (12) DIABETES,
    (13) HIV&AIdS,
    (14) URINARY TRACT INFECTION,
    (15) CANCER,
    (16) IMPOTENCE,
    (17) BARENESS/INFERTILIY
    (18) DIARRHEA
    (19) ASTHMA..
    Also contact him with the above.
    and lots more. You can reach him on drudeherbalhome@gmail.com, or drudeherbalhome@outlook.com ,agentrichrad@yahoo.com ,
    whatsaap him on +2348146240081
    all thanks to dr ude he is really a great man good luck .

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