Standardization vs. normalization

In the overall knowledge discovery process, before data mining itself, data preprocessing plays a crucial role. One of the first steps concerns the normalization of the data. This step is very important when dealing with parameters of different units and scales. For example, some data mining techniques use the Euclidean distance. Therefore, all parameters should have the same scale for a fair comparison between them.

Two methods are usually well known for rescaling data. Normalization, which scales all numeric variables in the range [0,1]. One possible formula is given below:

On the other hand, you can use standardization on your data set. It will then transform it to have zero mean and unit variance, for example using the equation below:

Both of these techniques have their drawbacks. If you have outliers in your data set, normalizing your data will certainly scale the “normal” data to a very small interval. And generally, most of data sets have outliers. When using standardization, your new data aren’t bounded (unlike normalization).

So my question is what do you usually use when mining your data and why?

Note: Thanks to Benny Raphael for fruitful discussions on this topic. Thanks to Jim for a correction on May 26th 2014.

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  28. Hello I’m here to share a testimony on how my HIV was cure by a herbal doctor with the help of herbal medicine and herbal soap, As we all know medically, there is no solution or cure for HIV and the cost for Medication is very expensive. Someone introduced me to a man (Native Medical Practitioner) I showed the man all my Tests and Results and I told him i have already diagnosed with HIV and have spent thousands of dollars on medication. I said I will like to try him cause someone introduced me to him. He asked me sorts of questions and I answered him correctly. To cut the story short, He gave me some medicinal soaps and some herbs(have forgot the name he called them) and he thought me how am going to use them all. At first I was skeptical but I just gave it a try. I was on his Medication for 2 weeks and I used all the soaps and herbs according to his prescription. That he will finish the rest himself. And I called him 3 days after, I arrived and I told him what is the next thing he said, he has been expecting my call. He told me to visit my doctor for another test. Honestly speaking, i never believe all he was saying until after the test when my doctor mention the statement that am, HIV negative and the doctor started asking me how come about the cure, And I make a promise to dr osas that if I’m heal I will testify his good work in my life, if there is anyone out there who may need the help of dr osas you can email him via his email address drosasherbalhome@gmail.com For any type of sickness he can cure any disease WhatSAPP OR CALL him via his number +2349035428122 he also has herbal oil for Penis Enlargement HE CAN AS WELL CURE THE FOLLOWING DISEASE:1. HIV/AIDS 2. HERPES 1/2 3. CANCER 4. ALS (Lou Gehrig’s disease) 5. Hepatitis B 6.chronic pancreatitis 7.Emphysema 8. COPD (Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease) 9.asthma 10.Acute angle-closure Glaucoma 11. Diabates 12.CHRONIC PANCREATITIS 13. penis Enlargement Email him via drosasherbalhome@gmail.com WhatSapp number +2349035428122

  29. Dear loan seekers this is to info you that I Mr. MAX MARTINS from Asia is here to give loans to the less financial privilege in an affordable rate have you be turned down by the bank do you need a loan to get back on track if yes email me now asap Email (apexexpressloanoffer@gmail.com
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  30. I am prince kabasosI was diagnosed with HIV in 2012, I was told by my doctor that there is no cure for HIV. I started taking my ARV, My CD4 was 67 and the viral load was 123,249. I saw a website of Dr. ABIOLA, I also saw a lot of testimonials about him in the way he uses herbal medicine to cure HIV. I contacted him and told him about my problems, he sent me the herbal medicine and I took it for 14 days later then I went for the checkup and healed me. The medication has no side effects, there is no special diet when taking the medication. It also cures ALS, hepatitis B, cancer, herpes, diabetes, lymph nodes and more. You can reach him at deadly.diseases.cure@hotmail.com you can also call he on +2348100609098

  31. HELLO EVERYONE,ITS CHRISTMAS AGAIN BE SMART AND BECOME RICH IN LESS THAN 48 hours….It all depends on how fast you can be to get the new PROGRAMMED blank ATM card that is capable of hacking into any ATM machine,anywhere e in the world. I got to know about this BLANK ATM CARD when I was searching for job online about a month ago..It has really changed my life for good and now I can say I’m rich and I can never be poor again. The least money I get in a day with it is about $5,000.Every now and then I keeping pumping money into my account. Though is illegal,there is no risk of being caught ,because it has been programmed in such a way that it is not traceable,it also has a technique that makes it impossible for the CCTVs to detect you..For details on how to get yours today, email her on CRONEDATMHACKER@GMAIL.COM Tell your loved once too, and start to live large. That’s the simple testimony of how my life changed for good…Love you all …

  32. I got my already programmed and blanked ATM card to withdraw the maximum of $5,000 daily for a maximum of 31 days. I am so happy about this because i got mine and I have used it to get $160,000. MR OSCAR is giving out the card just to help the poor and needy though it is illegal but it is something nice that will help your financial hardship to a change of level financially. And no one gets caught when using the card for the card is well program and very active. get yours from him. Just send him an email On oscarwhitehackersworld@gmail.com THIS IS 100% REAL. I AM A BENEFICIARY OF THIS. HACKERS EMAIL: oscarwhitehackersworld@gmail.com

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  35. Good day to everyone.
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  36. I am sharing my family testimony with joy and hopes that you will also use get your own cures from the best herbal doctor…i was sick from the disease Emphysema,i had to stop my work and cut all contact from friends,for long i searched for possible help to get cured.until i came across a blog testimony the herbal cures Dr Felix provide,i contacted him through his email: OGUNAMENHERBALCENTER@YAHOO.COM with my problem,he prepared herbs sent it to me,i used it with his instructions then i went for my weekly test,my tests result came out negative.
    Recently Dr also saved my sister,she was having warts infections all over her body,it was itchy and reddish, i quickly contacted Dr Felix,he sent us some herbs to use and now everything is clear from her skin.why struggle with any sickness and infections when all can do is contact Felix, his email: OGUNAMENHERBALCENTER@YAHOO.COM he will help you with his genuine and certified herbs.
    Thank you Dr Felix.

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  38. Good day,

    My name is Mrs Patricia Williams a loan lender we offer loan to people in need of a loan we also offer all kinds of loan worldwide. Are you in any kind of financial difficulties? Do you need a personal loan?? Do you need a loan to expand your business or to pay off your debt. Our interest rate is 2% very affordable and our loan process is very fast as well. If you are interested you can contact us today via email: patriciawilliamsloanfirm@outlook.com

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  39. my name is isabelle francis and here is a testimony i would like to share with the world, i’ve been married for quite some time now and have been through some serious stuff in my relationship with my partner, its been 15 years and since then we have been getting our hopes up on having a child, but any means we have been trying to seek has been quite unuseful, and it seems that my husband have lost faith in me and ever since he has been presuring me for a divorce it has been quite a traumatic experience for me, and i taught that hope was all but lost until i was introduced to [ mamadadaherbalhome ] that changed my life forever, at first i taught it was a prank you know a funny joke been played on me, and come to think of it i was never a beliver but now I am a living witness because i tried all i could to be pregnant but all to no avail,until i contacted:mamadadaherbalhome, who gave me some roots and herbs syrup and told me when to have sex with my man.I missed my menstrual flow within a short period of taking it,and the doctor confirmed that i am pregnant.10th DEC.2016 i gave birth.I am very glad to tell the world that i am a mother of twins.As I`m writing this testimony right now I`m the most happiest woman on earth. my husband and i are living a happy life and our love is now stronger than how it were even before.All thanks goes to mamadada for the excessive work that she has done for me by helping me to get pregnant. I would like to drop the mail address and hope you see this testimony and contact him, His mail:(mamadadaherbalhome@yahoo.com )or call him +2348108174915.

  40. DR Ero herbal medicine is a good remedy for HIV virus cure
    I was cured recently by one man from Africa Dr Ero,A friend introduced me to him i contacted him, and he treat me an cured my HIV virus permanently, It’s still a surprised to me because all hope was gone, so i decided to testify his goodness to everyone, So if you have any diseases like this, ACNE/HIV/ CANCER/ HEPATITIS C VIRUS/HERPES VIRUS/GENITAL WART/ ALS/ COPD, or any diseases he can cure it and is a humble and truthful man. You can write Dr Ero through mail: dreroherbaltreatment@gmail.com or call him with his telephone number +2349077338035.

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  42. `i am written out this to everybody who are sick and those who are with virus, i want to quickly make use of this opportunity to tell you that your tears can be your smile if only you sits to have the time to read this massage and by contacting DR.ODUDU who has let me no that medical doctors are not mean to be depends only. i was hiv over since 6 years and as will all no medically that there is no cure for the virus accordingly to the science, i was hopeless with tears because i no that the virus will be in my blood forever thing my death’ i was thinking about on how to get a wife for my self to get kids together as a happy home but due to the virus all my plans leaf me with tears because there is no way i can get a happy home with a hiv virus, i lost hope and i decided to just live up my life and wait for death. i never have in mind to try to go true traditional natural remedy to see if there could be any help for me because all my mind and hope was only for the medical doctors. i was advice by my friend in Africa to try a herbal doctor and he told me that many people has confirmed cure from this virus by Africa herbal doctors, and then i was happy to here that and i beg him to advice me and help me with one who can wash away out the virus from my body. and them i was told by him to contacted DR.ODUDU for herbal treatment for hiv cure i did and he prepared me the treatment which i was told by him to take for 14 days, and now i am hiv negative by his treatment. DR.ODUDU has let me no that all hope on virus to get it cure are only not to be given by medical doctors alone. and i have believed on it because the medical doctor assured me that there is no cure for it even when someone told me there is that i should dint believe on it. but now i can see that medical doctors are not only to be depends only, i am so happy today because now i can create a family to my self thanks a lot DR.ODUDU and also my friend Andrew who has always be there for me i thank you all with all my hearth and soul. DR.ODUDU email is here and phone contact if you want to get reach to him by massage him on the email page whassap or calling ok.

    dr.oduduherbalhome@gmail.com

    dr.oduduherbalhome@yahoo.com

    phone call whassap contact +2348101571054

    go true on his page by login your Facebook and clinking up the lint and you can also get him massage on it. https://web.facebook.com/DR.ODUDUHERBALHOME/?fref=ts get reach to him and join me on publish by getting you negative result by any type of diseases or virus.

  43. God bless Mr Murphy company. thanks unto these great company who made it possible for me to upgrade my business i was stuck in a financial situation and i needed to refinance my business and pay my bills.Until i met this company who helped me out with the sum of [$900,000]. I’m very glad and happy because I tried seeking loans from various loan firms both private and corporate but never with success,and most banks declined my credit.Truly i want to thank Mr Murphy who seriously help me through and ensure i get the loan without delay.If you must contact any firm with reference to securing a loan with low interest rate of 2% and better repayment plans and schedule,please contact Mr Murphy at sentmurphylender77@gmail.com for a fast and safe loan.

  44. DAPATKAN KAD ATM KOSONG DAN MENJADI KAYA

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